When a pelvic organ prolapses, it slides out of its normal position, typically moving down and pushing into the vagina. This problem occurs when the muscles that normally hold the organs in place, called pelvic floor muscles, become weak or damaged.
Like all the muscles in your body, pelvic floor muscles can lose tone as you get older. They also become stretched and weakened from carrying a baby, during vaginal childbirth, and due to everyday activities that put pressure on the muscles, such as frequent coughing and lifting heavy objects.
The organs that can prolapse include:
The uterus and bladder most often prolapse.
Feeling pressure during physical activities or when you have sex can be one of the first signs of prolapse. As the prolapse gets worse, you may:
The same weak muscles responsible for your prolapse can also cause urinary incontinence.
Your provider at Oakland Macomb Obstetrics & Gynecology, P.C., can diagnose a prolapse during a pelvic exam. Your individualized treatment plan begins with the most conservative options and only proceeds to surgery when necessary.
The top treatment options include:
If your prolapse is severe enough to require surgery, the procedure involves repositioning the prolapsed organ and repairing the pelvic floor muscles. Then your provider implants a mesh to reinforce the vaginal wall.
A hysterectomy is an option if you have a severe uterine prolapse and you’re sure you don’t want to have children in the future.
If you have symptoms of vaginal prolapse, call Oakland Macomb Obstetrics & Gynecology, P.C., or schedule an appointment online.